The Great Civilization – Axum

The Aksumite Empire or Axumite Empire (sometimes called the Kingdom of Aksum or Axum), was an important trading nation in northeastern Africa, growing from the proto-Aksumite period c. fourth century B.C.E. to achieve prominence by the first century C.E. It is also the alleged resting place of the Ark of the Covenant and the home of the Queen of Sheba. Corresponding to present day Ethiopia, this was an ancient African civilization that traded widely throughout the ancient world. Converting to Christianity in the fourth century, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church continues to be the tradition of the majority of Ethiopians using its language (Ge’ez) and perpetuating aspects of the civilization’s artistic tradition. Ethiopian culture today has its roots in this civilization.


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